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Credit Utilization Ratio – Definition, Calculation and Tips to Maintain

Credit Utilization Ratio – Definition, Calculation and Tips to Maintain


A credit score plays an important role in Indian finance to avail a personal loan. Lenders measure a borrower’s creditworthiness through their credit score. One crucial factor that significantly impacts a borrower’s creditworthiness is the credit utilization ratio. In this article, we’ll explore about the credit utilization ratio, its relevance in the Indian financial landscape, how to calculate it, and strategies to manage it effectively for a healthier financial future.

Understanding Credit Utilization Ratio


Your credit utilization ratio, often referred to as credit utilization, is the ratio of your credit card balances to your available credit limit. It is expressed as a percentage. For instance, if you have a credit card with a limit of ₹50,000 and you owe ₹10,000 on it, your credit utilization ratio is 20%.

Significance in India

In India, the credit utilization ratio has gained importance due to the expansion of the credit market. Lenders, such as banks and NBFCs (non-banking financial companies), rely on this metric to assess the creditworthiness of borrowers. A lower ratio indicates responsible credit management, making you more attractive to lenders.

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Calculating Credit Utilization Ratio


The formula to calculate your credit utilization ratio is simple:

Credit Utilization Ratio = (Total Outstanding Balances / Total Available Credit Limit) x 100

Real-life Example

Suppose you have credit card balances totaling ₹20,000 and a combined credit limit of ₹1,00,000 across all your cards. Your credit utilization ratio would be:

(20,000 / 1,00,000) x 100 = 20%

Your credit utilization ratio, in this case, is 20%.

Factors Influencing Credit Utilization Ratio

Several factors can influence your credit utilization ratio:

  • Credit Card Balances

The amount you owe on your credit cards plays a significant role. High balances relative to your credit limits will result in a higher ratio.

  • Credit Limits

Having higher credit limits across your credit cards can lower your overall credit utilization ratio. Requesting a credit limit increase, if you have a good credit history, can be a strategic move.

  • New Credit Accounts

Opening new credit accounts can change your credit utilization ratio. In India, this should be done thoughtfully, as opening multiple accounts in a short period may temporarily increase your ratio and affect your credit score.

The Impact of Credit Utilization Ratio on Credit Score

Your credit utilization ratio significantly impacts your credit score, lenders use it to assess a borrower’s creditworthiness. Here's how it affects your credit score:

Lenders use it to assess a borrower’s creditworthiness.

-  Low Ratios (0–9%): Ideal in India, showing responsible credit usage and positively impacting your credit score.

-  Moderate Ratios (10–29%): Still considered good but may have a minor impact on your score.

- High Ratios (30% or more): Generally viewed negatively by lenders and can significantly lower your credit score.

Maintaining a credit utilization ratio below 30% is advisable to ensure a positive impact on your credit score in India.

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How to Maintain a Healthy Credit Utilization Ratio

To maintain a healthy credit utilization ratio in India, consider the following strategies:

1. Paying Balances on Time

Ensure you make at least the minimum payment on your credit cards by the due date to avoid late fees and high interest charges. Timely payments also prevent your balances from escalating.

2. Paying More Than the Minimum Due

Whenever possible, pay more than the minimum required payment. This reduces your credit card balances faster, lowering your credit utilization ratio. 

3. Using Credit Responsibly

Exercise caution when using credit. Avoid maxing out your credit cards and only use credit when necessary.

4. Requesting a Credit Limit Increase

If you've demonstrated responsible credit management, consider asking your credit card issuer for a credit limit increase. This can lower your utilization ratio, provided you continue to use credit responsibly.

5. Regular Credit Monitoring

In India, monitoring your credit report is vital. Regularly check your report for errors and unauthorized accounts. Timely detection and resolution of discrepancies can safeguard your credit score.

Common Misconceptions About Credit Utilization in India

This section addresses common misconceptions regarding credit utilization in the Indian context, such as the belief that carrying a small balance is better for your credit score.

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In conclusion, your credit utilization ratio holds significant weight in India's financial landscape. Understanding its importance and managing it wisely can lead to improved credit scores, better borrowing opportunities, and a more secure financial future. By following the strategies outlined in this guide and staying informed about your credit, you can take control of your credit utilization ratio and work towards achieving your financial goals. Remember that responsible credit management is the key to unlocking financial success, and your credit utilization ratio is a vital piece of that puzzle in India's evolving financial ecosystem.

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