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Unsecured Loans in India

Unsecured Loans in India

The need for capital for businesses and individuals is paramount. You can acquire capital in the form of a loan from a bank. Primarily, loans are of two types, secured loans, and unsecured loans. An unsecured loan comes in handy for those who don't want to offer collateral and is also known as a high- risk loan.

Loans are considered unsecured if they have no collateral at stake to back them up because they could be lost if not repaid on time or the lender’s policy does not allow this type of loan i.e., a bad credit loan or a payday loan. Unsecured loans can be taken from banks, finance companies, credit card companies, etc. The main advantage of these repayable loans is that the borrower does not need to show any collateral.

If you are looking for an unsecured loan to start a business or other personal goals, this article will go over the different types of unsecured loans in India and what they entail. So, keep reading.

What is an Unsecured Loan and How it Works?

Unsecured loans are also known as high-risk loans as the lender does not have any security for the loan. This means, that if you are unable to pay off your principal amount on time then the lender has no right to take over the property or any other form of collateral from you. This makes it a risky investment for lenders and they charge high-interest rates or fees on this type of loan. However, if handled properly by the borrower and provider, unsecured loans can be beneficial for both parties.

Instead of providing security to the lender, the borrower provides security to the lender. The most common form of collateral for unsecured loans is a part of your property. This means that if you can afford to do so, you may purchase or lease another piece of property for yourself or your company and use it as collateral for an unsecured loan. This type of loan has high rates and fees that are charged by lenders, hence these types of loans don’t last long. Unsecured loans are generally provided by either a bank or a finance company. The main advantage of taking an unsecured loan is that it does not require any assets from you as collateral.

Why Get an Unsecured Loan?

Whether you are starting a business, buying a piece of property, or renovating your home, an unsecured loan can help you achieve your personal goals. For example, if you need to purchase another property for a business or purchase personal items like furniture etc., an unsecured loan will help you achieve this goal. The main advantage that unsecured loans have is that they do not require any collateral from the borrower. They are usually riskier than secured loans but the rewards are generally higher. Borrowing may be difficult without collateral and great credit, but many lenders will make unsecured loans available to you regardless of your credit score or the value of your assets. An unsecured loan will not just help you achieve your business goals, it can also help you purchase your dream car or house. If you have a good enough reason for taking out an unsecured loan, it is best to consider it before other options like a secured loan or credit card.

Unsecured loans can be used for personal use as well as business use. The following are different personal uses of unsecured loans in India.

Home Improvement and Repairs

One of the most important purchases, when you own a home, is home improvement or repairs. You can use an unsecured loan to pay for such things as interior painting, wallpapering, ceiling repair, etc. Whether you are buying a new home or remodeling your existing home for resale, you can use an unsecured loan for this purpose.

Renovating a Home for Personal Use

If your home is old, then it needs removing and changing some parts of the house and renovation. For example, if you are renovating your house for resale or remodeling, you can use this as an unsecured loan. If you want to live in the house after renovation, then it will be more beneficial to purchase a new home.

Buying an Asset

If you are buying a car or motorcycle for personal use and not for reselling to make profits, then it would be beneficial to take out an unsecured loan. The same is applicable if you want a second car and doing so will help save on expenses on maintenance of the existing vehicle.

Types of Unsecured Loans in India

Below are all types of unsecured loans you will find in India. Each of them is highly beneficial for individuals or businesses.

Revolving Loans

This is a type of unsecured loan that enables allows borrowers to withdraw a certain amount, repay it and withdraw again. The repayment amount varies with time and it is often based on the amount that was withdrawn. Borrowers can also extend their payments. The loan amount can be repaid over a period ranging from two to five years or more, depending on the loan broker. In these loans, the borrower does not need a guarantor to guarantee the repayment of the amount, which is possible for unsecured credit lenders to provide. The borrower will pay interest for this type of loan and usually has to use credit cards and personal loans for funds until he can repay it all at once with financial instruments like personal guarantees or payday loans.

Term Loans

Term loans can be considered unsecured loans because there is no collateral involved. However, they are not an ideal option for outstanding credit ratings. This type of loan is often used by major businesses. They are provided in the form of a secured loan that allows borrowers to take out a certain amount of cash that they will repay over a period agreed upon with the lender. The repayment period varies from one to five years, depending on the lender and the financial institution providing it. At the end of the term, which signifies when all of the installments have been paid up, borrowers will have to pay off any remaining balance at a higher rate than with other types of unsecured loans.

Term loans have a fixed interest rate and tenure. This means that you will have to pay the same amount every month for a predetermined period. The interest rate for these loans can differ greatly, depending on the bank and the duration of the loan.

One of the main features of this type of loan is that it is repayable at a certain date in the future, with this date being agreed upon with the lender and registered in advance. In some cases, they are terminated after a certain period. This can be useful if you have multiple interests but need one to be settled as soon as possible. The repayment amount varies according to what was borrowed.

Consolidation Loan

Consolidation loan loans are very similar to term loans, except that they allow for a future redemption date. The interest rate is higher and the loan duration shorter. These types of loans can be beneficial for borrowers who have multiple unsecured debts but are looking for some funds that can be taken out of the economy in a short period. They are considered non-recourse by lenders and borrowers can choose between only two different repayment methods: fixed (which is a monthly installment) or equal installments over a fixed period. Since the amount borrowed and the rate of interest on these kinds of loans are higher than term loans, they come with less risk to investors.

Wedding Loan

A wedding loan refers to the amount that a couple needs for the wedding ceremony and party, with this amount being repaid over time at a low-interest rate. This type of loan is not advisable for people who need higher funds, who do not have a payment plan assigned by their bank, or who do not need quick funds. This type of loan should be used as a sort of financial cushioning when you are expecting to get a larger sum from other sources like family members or employers. Wedding loans are usually unsecured and payable over time with fixed monthly installments, although others may ask for the repayment method which fits their needs the most.

Vacation Loan

If you are planning a vacation, but have no funds to go on it, you can apply for a loan that will allow you to book your trip and then pay it off at the end of your vacation. Usually, it is used by individuals who already have loans with the bank and need money right away.

A vacation loan is a short-term loan, meaning that the borrower can repay it after his/her return to work. Usually, there are no credit checks conducted and it is a simple process. When applying for a vacation loan, you need to provide information about your income and employment status (i.e., the date that you started working). The lender will need to review the application to see if you are eligible for this type of loan before approving your request.

Home Renovation Loan

A home renovation loan is a short-term loan that will allow you to complete your home’s renovations. one is not allowed to buy furniture and appliances. It is best used by people who have saved a down payment on the house and need funds to complete the work. Usually, if you have paid a down payment, they will offer you a lower interest rate.

Top-Up Loan

A times borrowers need an additional amount over an existing loan. The top- up loan is used to provide you with funds to cover the remainder of your loan or any unexpected expenses. A top-up loan helps you to cover your expenses if the one that you have with your current bank does not allow for certain types of expenses. It is usually given in the form of a short-term loan and is repaid in fixed monthly installments. The interest rate on a top-up loan is lower than other types of unsecured loans like consolidation or term loans.

Bridge Loan

These loans have been made to care for short-duration funding requirements. The duration of a bridge loan is usually less than a year. There are no credit checks needed and you can pay it off in the end. Bridge loans are secured while they are paid off.

Consumer Durable Loan

A consumer durable loan assists one to buy appliances or gadgets or appliances. These types of loans are used for the purchase of expensive items that may go beyond your limit. You can use this type of loan for the purchase of furniture and other home appliances such as washing machines, refrigerators, and electric appliances. The interest rate on consumer durable loans is lower than other types of loans and they do not require a credit check, which is why most banks offer them to individuals who have had some credit problems in the past.

Business Loan

A business loan or commercial bank loan is a medium to long-term loan that helps businesses to expand and improve. This type of non-mortgage personal loan can help you expand your small business and meet unexpected expenses. These loans are given to you before you purchase the item and allow you to pay it off with small installments over an agreed period. This can be a large sum of money, but it will allow you to spread out the loan payments into smaller amounts.

Receivables Financing

A receivables financing loan is used if you are given short-term funding and need to pay it off over a longer period. Receivables financing can be done at a lower interest rate than that of term loans, and there is usually no credit check or collateral required. The borrower’s business will have to have credit lines with their banks already established to use this type of loan, otherwise, they need an excellent credit history. They will request proof from your supplier that the goods were delivered and accepted before accepting your application.

Education Loan

This is a short-term loan that is used to finance the cost of education. These types of college loans are for post-secondary education. It can only be repaid after completing your studies, unlike student loans which can be paid off in full at any time. The size and duration of these types of loans depend on the cost and length of studies. If you are just starting your post-secondary education, it is recommended to get student loans as they will be preferable. You can use an education loan as a bridge loan if you have student loans but need additional funds to cover the gap, or if you have completed the program already and need funds to help with other living expenses.

Debt Consolidation Loan

A debt consolidation loan is a short-term loan that helps you pay off a high- interest credit card or other debts. It allows you to reduce the amount of interest that you are having to pay over time. The minimum repayment period is usually from 6 months to 1 year and it does not require any type of collateral, so most banks offer this one to those who have had past problems with their credit history. This can be used if your employer offers a repayment plan or if you are thinking about refinancing your mortgage to lower the monthly payments.

Festival Loan

A Festival loan is a type of unsecured loan that is offered during major festivals, like Diwali. The festival loan allows you to buy new clothes for the festival, or expenses related to it. You can also use it to pay for your flight ticket or hotel accommodation if you are traveling from another country for this special occasion.

Gift Loan

A gift loan is a type of personal loan that allows you to receive cash from family and friends to cover unexpected costs. You can use it if you have an unpaid balance on your credit card, an unexpected bill, and need to pay off some debt. It is usually given to people who do not have a bank account and need cash to pay debts as soon as possible without having to wait for a bank transfer.

Holiday Loan

A holiday loan is used to pay for traveling or vacations. You can use it to cover the remaining cost of your vacation, or it can be used for traveling and sightseeing after you have paid off your car loan. The loan allows you to enjoy your trip without having to worry about money matters.


Now you know all about the different types of unsecured loans in India and what they are used for. Having an unsecured loan from a bank is an important step that many people take up in their lives. There are different types of loans that you can choose from based on your needs and budget. But before you decide on the type of loan that you want to get, remember to carefully consider all of your options and the terms associated with them. You should also be prepared to pay back the amount of money that you have borrowed, so make sure that you keep a track of what you spend, and how much interest you pay on your loans.

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